BEER IN THE DZIERŻONIOW DISTRICT

The oldest daily drink was beer. In the Middle Ages, when drinking water risked poisoning, beer was drunk throughout the day. "Complaints were made against innkeepers that, by pouring beer in watering cans from above, they produced excess foam. For pouring 20 barrels of beer, the innkeeper should receive one barrel of "wurchase".

Around 1794, there were seven brewers and maltsters in Dzierżoniów. The right to brew beer was held by 205 burgher houses, which had a total of 477½ beers. A total of 2610 barley crowns were processed into beer. In Niemcza there were as many as 50 beer brews per year in the 18th century [1]

Mapa Bielawy

Browar „Bergbrauerei” Inh: Carl Brinke Probably the oldest brewery in Bielawa, operating until 1947, was located at the present-day 4-4a Legionów Street. The first known owner of the brewery and the adjacent inn Zur Bergbrauerei was a certain Bluschke (a newspaper advertisement in the Langenbielauer Anzeiger z 1855r.). At the end of the 19th century, Carl Brinke entered the brewery as owner.

Zaproszenie na Wielkie Święto KoźlakaAfter 1924, the owner of the built-up area (Grundbuch 11), becomes the merchant Fritz Scholz. The farm is run by Heinrich Kappe in 1930. Heinrich Kappe, in 1933. Heinrich Thilsch and from 1937 the heirs of Fritz Scholz, Artur Scholz (died before 1943r.) and his wife Elli (until 1945r.). The brewery is listed in 1943 as a branch of the Stoszowice brewery Bergschlösschen Brauerei Peterwitz Gustav Stark”.[2]

Restauracja-browar „Zum-Tümpel”In the vicinity of today's Church Square there is a depression of land where water used to accumulate in the form of a spillway. These were ponds for damming up water to drive the mill wheels or shallow ponds to collect ice for the  "Zur Bergbrauerei" brewery (Górski Browar, ul. Legionów 4) and the „Zum Tümpel” brewery (Nad Sadzawką, ul. Mała 3a).[5]

 

As Bielawa resident Gertrud Kuhnt recalls, the Dzierżoniów beer from the „Süßmann Brauerei” (Süßmann's Brewery) and the „Tröppla Brauerei” (Tröppla's Brewery), were very good, but the young „Peterwitzer Jungbier” (young beer from Stoszowice) was the greatest. Gertrud Kuhnt remembers that a car from the brewery in Stoszowice (Peterwitz)  arrived twice a week. The driver rang a special bell so that everyone in the area knew who had arrived. Directly from the car he sold beer not only to inns, but also to individual villagers. There were queues of children with pints and cans in front of the car. Gertrud Kuhnt also recalls that: „such beer could not be drunk straight away, because it first had to be bottled and corked. Later on, the beer had to be 'baptised' with a pinch of salt and a little sugar. The beer had to be bottled, very well corked and placed in a cellar. It was fit for consumption after a week, and when drinking it, one had to be careful not to douse oneself with the sparkling drink.[1]

Kaiser Wilhelms Höh”Built by the brewer J. Köpper, the "Summer Inn", in Bielawa Ober-Langenbielau (now 20 Janusza Korczaka Street), was the venue where, on Wednesday 15 September 1897, the first electric light shone in a public entertainment venue in the district of Dzierżoniów.  After a change of ownership it was renamed "Köpper's Etablissement". In 1900, the premises were renamed "Kaiser Wilhelms Höh" (Kaiser Wilhelm's Hill).[3]

Browar „Schlossbrauerei Langenbielau”Schlossbrauerei - is a former manor brewery, listed in 1916 in the register of the association of German brewers (Braumeister und Malzmeister Verbund) as owner Herman Köpper. After the First World War he ceased production and the building was bought by the town of Bielawa on 7 August 1926 by auction, for the small sum of 49,000 marks. In 1927 the 4th class of the public co-educational school No. 2 (Sammel Schule II) was placed in the building. The last pre-war address was Weberstraße 20, now incorporated into Szpakowa Street at No. 39.[4] 

 

Eksponaty

 

The building in Bielawa at 35 Wolności Street (Reichenbacherstraße 35, since the 1930s Hindenburgstraße 45) is the former restaurant "Zur Eisenbahn" (By the Iron Railway). From the middle of the 19th century this establishment, under the name "Restauration Rassel" (Rassel Restaurant), was run by Eduard Rassel and later Carl Jung. At this time, according to surviving newspaper advertisements from 1905, the gastropub organised the Great Fresh Bock Beer Festival. At the back of the building, there was a small abattoir for the caterer.

Restauracja „Zur Eisenbahn” It should be remembered that this establishment offered all-day catering for its hotel guests as well as for external guests. From the beginning of the 20th century, (around 1908) when Josef Stelzer was the owner, the establishment was called "Restauration zur Hohen Eule" (Restaurant under the Great Owl). From the 1920s until the end of the town's German history, the owners of this restaurant were Elwire and Reinhold Süssmann. It was at that time that the restaurant bore the name "Zur Eisenbahn" (By the Iron Railway) from 1919, which was linked to the connection of Bielawa with the national railway line in 1890 and the proximity of the railway station, 200 metres in a straight line. The pub then also became attractive for tourists arriving by rail. It was mentioned in many of Emil Lehmann's pre-war tourist guides from 1897 onwards. After 1924, the "Eichenlaub" gymnastics society (founded in 1894) took the "Zur Eisenbahn" restaurant as its patron restaurant.
During the Second World War, the premises could also be used by forced prisoners of war. After 1945, it housed a pub with lunches for Soviet servicemen - then popularly known as the Casino. Later, the restaurant became a place open to all, and lunches continued to be its mainstay. The premises were then called the Lower Bar.[5]

 

 

The oldest brewery in Dzierżoniów was the "Stadtbrauerei" (City Brewery) located at Brauerstraße 13 (Bohaterów Getta Street, the building no longer exists). Between 1863 and 1865 this brewery was run by Rother, between 1865 and 1888 by Josef Klinke, between 1888 and 1902 by C. Cimbal, and from 1902 to 1920 Arthur Ludwig.

The brewery "Brauerei Marx" (Marx Brewery) on Langenbielauerstraße (Peasant Battalions Street, building no longer exists) was run by Oswald Marx from 1830 (the year 1890 is also cited) and Hulda Marx from 1930 to 1944.

Browar „Reichenbacher Brauhaus Sonntag & Bongoll”At Peterswaldauerstraße 4 (Jana Kilińskiego Street 25), the brewery "Reichenbacher Brauhaus Friedrich & Co. GmbH" (Dzierżoniów Brewery Friedrich & Co. GmbH), between 1905 and 1913 the "Reichenbacher Brauhaus Sonntag & Bongoll" (Dzierżoniów Sonntag & Bongoll Brewery), between 1913 and 1914 the "Reichenbacher Brauhaus Tesche & Palaske" (Dzierżoniów Tesche & Palaske Brewery), from 1914 to 1917 "Reichenbacher Brauhaus Tesche, Palaske & Detmers", and from 1917 to 1920 "Reichenbacher Brauhaus Bertold Tesche".

 

The brewery "Brauerei Reinhold Rother" (Reinhold Rother Brewery) operated at 100 Neudorferstraße (61a Nowowiejska Street) between 1865 and 1876, "Brauerei Theodor Hörder" (Theodor Hörder Brewery) between 1876 and 1885, "Brauerei O. Böhm" (Brewery of O. Böhm), from 1902 to 1905 "Brauerei Hermann May" (Hermann May's Brewery), from 1905 to 1908 "Brauerei Herm. May's Erben, Inh. Florian Zimmer" (Brewery owned by Hermann May's heir Florian Zimmer) Florian Zimmer, and from 1908 to 1920 "Brauerei Karl Süssmann" (Karl Süssmann Brewery). In 1941, the merchant Heinz Irmer entered into partnership with Karl Süssmann.

Browar i gospoda Adolfa MuchegoMany of the old manorial breweries supplying the immediate area, such as the "Brauerei Polten/Beitz" (Polten and Beitz Brewery) in Rościszów (Steinseifersdorf) had no chance to develop their activities. This old nobleman's brewery, colloquially called "Pulta-Bräuer" (Polten Brewery) in the Sowie Mountains dialect, owned by Count von Seherr-Thoß of Ostroszowice (Weigelsdorf) and leased by Robert Beitz, was not modernised. When it became unprofitable to maintain this brewery, the Count demolished it in the 1880s and built his palace on the site. Some manorial breweries, such as the Pieszyce "Dominial Bierbrauerei" (Dominial Brewery), owned by Count Franz zu Stollberg-Wernigrode in the 1870s, were modernised. The Pieszyce brewery was modernised after it was leased. (In 1876, the tenant of the brewery was a certain Klemann, and in 1912 Albert Schröter, born on 10 October 1874).

 

To curb alcoholism, non-alcoholic or very low-alcohol drinks began to be promoted from the early 20th century. At that time, sweet non-alcoholic beer became very fashionable. Such beer was served in the so-called "Reforms Gasthaus" (Reforms). Gastronomists were divided into two groups: those selling alcohol and those selling non-alcoholic beverages. The owners of the 'reformed inns' had their own press organ, the "Deutscher Verein für Gasthaus Reform'"(German Society for Reformed Inns), a professional press for gastronomy published in Weimar. In Germany, anti-alcohol movements promoted: "Der Deutsche Verein Gegen Den Missbrauch Geistiger Getränke" (German Association Against Alcohol Abuse), "Deutschen Guttempler Orden" (German Masonic Lodge), "Das Blaue Kreuz" (The Blue Cross). The idea of living a life of sobriety in the district of Dzierżoniów was spread by local Masonic lodges (including the "Scheideweg unter der Eule" - Crossroads under the Owl), affiliated with the German Masonic Lodge. Browar „Brauerei Schlössel” Brewery "Brauerei Schlössel " In the Dzierżoniów district, the fashion for "reform inns" was evident even in the names of the establishments. Gustav Haag, a gastronome from Niemcza, named his inn "Reformgasthaus" (Reformed Inn) around 1912, and Adolf Ilchmann named his Dzierżoniów restaurant at Hebendorf 6 (today Pilawa Dolna, 6 Wiejska Street): "Reform Restaurant" (Reformed Restaurant). These taverns served non-alcoholic beer called "Reform-Bier" (Reformed beer), which was brewed, among others, by the Pieszycki, and later Dzierżoniow, brewer Albert Schröter. His advertising stated that the beer had an unusual taste, was sweet, had a low alcohol content and was recommended by doctors for sick people and convalescents.[1]

 

 

 

 

REFERENCES:

  1. „O karczmach, zajazdach, gospodach...”, rozdz. VII. Menu w lokalach gastronomicznych i noclegowych; str. 301-307. Autor: Rafał Brzeziński, © Rafał Brzeziński & Oficyna Wydawnicza ATUT - Wrocławskie Wydawnictwo Oświatowe Wrocław 2012
  2. „Gospody u stóp Gór Sowich”, Autor: Rafał Brzeziński - Wrocław 2006.
  3. Budynek nr 20, Gasthaus zum Sommer, Köpper's Etablissement, Kaiser Wilhelms Höh, Prewentorium dla dzieci. kresy.org.pl
  4. Schlossbrauerei - Bielawa, Weberstraße 20. Teraz włączony do ul. Szpakowej pod nr 39.  polska-org.pl
  5. Bielawa. Wędrówki ulicami miasta. Przewodnik. Autor: Rafał Brzeziński, Wydawnictwo: Prywatna oficyna rafalbrzezinski.info